Speech Sounds

As children learn to talk they learn to use all of the different speech sounds of their language. Some children can be slower in developing a range of speech sounds than their peers and some children can have specific difficulties in learning to use sounds correctly.

Speech and language therapists offer support to children and young people from birth to 18 years where communication difficulties are impacting on their ability to fully participate in daily life.

How will I know if my child is struggling with their speech?

You might think your child has difficulties with speech sounds if:

  • You struggle to understand most of what your child says
  • Your child uses a very limited range of speech sounds
  • It is significantly more difficult to understand your child than other children their age

Guidance and helpful information

Encouraging communication skills from a young age is very important. You can help and support your child’s communication as you do everyday activities and play together.

If you think your child has difficulties with speech sounds, please use the toolkits below and look at the web links to the right.


How we can help

Speech and language therapists are able to assess and identify your child’s areas of strength and their difficulties with speech sounds. Working in close partnership with parents/carers and teachers we provide advice on how to support your child and maximise the clarity of their speech.

Research has shown that outcomes for children with language difficulties in school are improved when goals are embedded in the child’s everyday environment.

What happens next?

If you think your child has difficulties with speech, language or communication, please initially use the toolkits above and look at the web links to the right. These toolkits will give you ideas to support and encourage your child’s development.

If you continue to have concerns, please discuss these with your health visitor, early years practitioner, your child’s teacher or GP.